The evidentiary value of a witness’ testimony may be the most determinative factor affecting the outcome of a trial. Understandably, the rules governing how witnesses testify are extremely complex. Rules of civil and criminal procedure are intended to keep witnesses’ contributions fair and balanced. Judges hearing objections to testimony during trial must evaluate the guidelines codified in applicable law and weigh them against the possibility of unreasonable harm or a due process violation negatively affecting a litigant. Here are a few examples of objections that counsel may raise.
Leading a Witness
Attorneys who are questioning witnesses on direct examination cannot attempt to elicit information in a way that colors the testimony or makes the desired response from a witness unavoidable. Leading a witness results in a counsel superimposing testimony themselves simply by how they conduct their line of questioning.
A Witness Is Not an Expert
Certain issues of fact are …